10 Best Programming Languages for 2021

In the new world where everything is shifting towards digital and technology-based. I am pretty much sure everyone has heard of programming and coding in one form or another and if some of you are wondering what that is then allow me to explain.
Programming or coding is a set of text-based instructions that is used to tell the machine what to and not to do. And the rules on which these instructions are based is called programming language. From Websites to Games and from Elevators to Automatic cars every major technology is based on programming.

The world moving fast and getting advanced day by day. So if you want to catch up with the fast-paced technology then here are some top programming languages which I picked out to help to get started.

1. JavaScript

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JavaScript (JS) is one of the most popular languages out there. It is primarily used for Web development. But it has also proved its worth in other fields such as game development, mobile app development, and many others.

JavaScript has maintained its top ranking for many years. And according to a Stackoverflow survey, JavaScript is the most popular language among developers. It is all over the web and has a very well-established community. JS is mostly known for its three frontend web development giants, React, Angular, and Vue. It also has a strong backend framework based on NodeJs and ExpressJs. It is used by some of the big names in the industry such as Google, Facebook, and Microsoft.

2. Python

Python is a fan favorite language and it is very popular among beginners because of its simple and easy-to-use syntax. It is very beginner-friendly and gets 2nd spot on this list.
Python is widely used for automation in the industry. It also has very popular web development frameworks such as Django & Flask. It is also the leading programming language in Machine Learning, Artificial Intelligence, and Data Science. Some of its popular libraries are Numpy, Pandas, Matplotlib, Seaborn, TensorFlow, and Scikit-learn. Some mega-companies using Python are Google, Facebook, Instagram, and Netflix.

3. JAVA

3 Billion Devices Run JAVA

Perfect quote for the perfect position. This is the infamous quote by Java in pretty much in their every promotion and this is why you must have heard of Java before. Java has ruled this list for many years and it resides in 3rd spot this year.

Java is a cross-platform language which means that software written in Java can be used on Windows, Mac, Moblie devices, and pretty much everything else. There are almost 8 million developers for Java. Like other programming languages in this list, Java can also be used in web development, Desktop development, and Mobile app development. Some of its famous frameworks are Spring, Hibernate, and Struts. Companies like Amazon, Uber, Adobe use Java.

4. Kotlin

Right behind Java is its ultimate competitor in the modern-day is Kotlin. It is a modern-day replacement for Java recognized by Google. It is primarily used for Android app development. It has reached popularity due to a fresh and easy syntax compare to its rival. Another plus point of Kotlin is that it is highly compatible with Java libraries which makes it more versatile.

Companies like Netflix, Pinterest, and Uber have implemented Kotlin. Now is the best time to learn Kotlin because there will be a high demand for it in the future.

5. C++

Reigning at 5th position is, C++. It one of the oldest programming languages but still strong in the market. It has a strong base of loyal developers that is why it is still relevant. C++ is a very good choice to start strong. It also helps you understand other languages easily.

C++ is used in Game development, Operating System development, and Embedded Systems. C++ is an object-oriented programming language that is an upgrade to its predecessor C language. Unreal is a popular game development engine based on C++ and has a huge market stake. Microsoft, Adobe, and Nvidia are few big names that use C++.

C++ has been around for a long and will stick around for a long. Just as the saying goes.

Old is Gold

6. Swift

Swift is a language used to developed mobile apps for IOS devices. It is at number 6 and the only contender for IOS development on the list. Swift is very beginner-friendly and easy to learn. It has very low competition with huge market demand for IOS apps. 2021 is a great time to learn Swift and start your journey as a mobile app developer.

7. C#

C# is a cousin language of C and C++. It became popular very quickly and maintained its position in the top 10 since then. C# is developed by Microsoft to be its flagship language to date.

C# is a general-purpose language which means it is also an all-rounder programming language. Its .Net library is its highlight and biggest strength. It helps C# to run on different platforms and interact with third-party languages and libraries easily. C# uses Asp.net to develop web apps and .Net core for desktop app development. Unity engine supports C# for game development.

8. Go

A language developed by Google has become considerably popular among the developers. Go is used for backend web development, desktop development, and system programming. The biggest reason for Go to be on this list is its preference by Google itself.

Learning Go can help you a lot in terms of getting jobs at Google. Other companies like Twitch, Uber, and Dropbox also use Go.

9. Scala

Scala also has a very strong foothold in the market. It is also very beginner-friendly and easy to understand.

Scala is a general-purpose object-oriented programming language. One of the reasons for its popularity is its solutions for many problems in other languages by provides features like lazy computation, string interpolation, type inference, and great scalability, etc. Scala is used in web development, Desktop development, and Data Science. Netflix, LinkedIn, eBay, Twitter are some names using Scala.

10. PHP

I know it is a controversial choice for the top 10 but PHP is one of the pioneers in web development. PHP gives a tough competition to Javascript in backend web development.

PHP is highly popular these days due to WordPress built on it. It is also very easy to understand for newbies. With the upgraded framework like Laravel, Symfony PHP has grown significantly and gain market demand as well.
Facebook, Slack, Wikipedia, and Tumbler are some prime examples of PHP’s worth.

So these are some of the examples for you to start your journey in programming and join the digital world.

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Hi, I am a tech nerd who loves to get involved in new digital revolutions. I am also a freelance content writer and digital marketing expert.

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Zain Ali

Zain Ali

Hi, I am a tech nerd who loves to get involved in new digital revolutions. I am also a freelance content writer and digital marketing expert.

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